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Symptoms of hepatomegaly
An enlarged liver or hepatomegaly may not have any symptoms. However, if a disorder caused the disease, the patient may experience the following serious symptoms:
- To vomit
- Bruising of the body
- Swelling of the legs
- stomach ache
- Small appetite
- Muscle aches
- Increase the size of the abdomen
- Yellowing of the skin and eyes
It's time to see a doctor
The onset of any of these symptoms requires medical evaluation and treatment. See your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath
- Fever and jaundice
- Bloody vomiting
- Blackening of the stool
- Severe abdominal pain
- Fuzzy or bright red blood in the stool
Complications of an enlarged liver
The liver is the largest internal organ in the body and some of its important functions are:
- Fight infections
- Helps digest fats
- Control blood clotting
- Breakdown of drugs and toxins in the body
- Production and secretion of proteins and hormones
- Storage of glucose as glycogen
The liver is also the only internal organ capable of regrowing after a liver transplant, which makes it possible to donate the liver. This means that if you donate part of your liver, the liver has the capacity to return to its original size and to rebuild itself. The transplanted part can also grow. Liver damage can cause fluid to build up inside the abdomen and the patient may notice that there is too much stool. You may also experience other symptoms such as jaundice, loss of appetite, and stomach pain.
Causes of enlarged liver
An enlarged liver or hepatomegaly is often a sign that the tissue inside the liver is not working properly. Taking certain medicines such as amiodarone and statins can also cause liver damage. Common causes include:
- liver cancer
- Hemochromatosis or iron buildup in the liver
- Wilson's disease or copper in the liver
- Leukemia , a type of cancer of the bone marrow
- Obstruction of the bile ducts or gallbladder
- Lymphoma or leukemia in the lymphatic system
- Bowel disease or a disorder in the production of fatty substances in the liver
- Cirrhosis due to toxins such as alcohol
- Liver cysts or sacs filled with fluid in the liver
- Toxic hepatitis or inflammation of the liver due to chemical poisoning
- Viral hepatitis or various liver infections caused by the virus
- Alcoholic hepatitis or a wide range of liver damage caused by alcohol consumption
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease or fatty liver disease that is not caused by alcohol consumption.
- Multiple myeloma is a type of leukemia of the bone marrow, especially plasma cells.
- Infections, certain infections, and certain medical conditions can cause your liver to grow.
- Metastatic cancer or cancers that start in other parts of the body and spread to the liver.
- Cardiovascular abnormalities or conditions that block blood vessels in the liver or interfere with blood flow.
- Congestive heart failure can also cause blood to return to the hepatic arteries. These vessels help drain blood from the liver. When they are blocked or the blood supply is interrupted, the liver becomes congested and larger. This is called congestive liver failure.
An enlarged liver or hepatomegaly can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).
Diagnosis of an enlarged liver
The liver is a triangular organ located under your diaphragm. Your doctor may feel enlarged during the physical exam. A normal liver cannot be felt with fingers or touching it. The size and weight of your liver naturally increases with age. For children, the liver is usually measured from the top of the cervix and its thickness from top to bottom. Adult liver is measured lengthwise.
The average size of the liver depends on the age of the person and can include the following:
- 4 cm in 1 to 3 months
- 6 cm from 4 to 9 months
- 5 cm from 1 to 5 years
- 5 cm from 5 to 11 years old
- 5cm for adult women
- 5cm for adult men
- 5 to 12.1 cm 12 to 16 years old
Body shape, weight, and gender can also affect the size of the liver. Your doctor will test your liver for any symptoms. Your doctor may order a variety of tests to diagnose liver enlargement, including:
- Abdominal x-ray to assess the abdominal organs
- Liver enzyme tests to assess liver function
- CT scan to take high resolution images of the abdomen
- MRI to take high-resolution images of specific abdominal organs
- Ultrasound, the use of sound waves to assess the liver and other abdominal organs
- Blood test. A blood sample is tested to determine the level of liver enzymes and to identify viruses that can cause an enlarged liver.
If your doctor suspects more serious illness, he or she may recommend a liver biopsy. A liver biopsy is a surgical procedure in which your doctor takes a sample of your liver for microscopic examination.
Prevention of enlarged liver
There are many factors that can cause an enlarged liver. Managing these factors can reduce the risk of developing this disease. In addition, your liver is a vital organ. The best way to manage liver health is to follow medical guidelines for healthy practices. This may include the following solutions:
- Stop drinking alcohol and smoking.
- If you have diabetes, check your blood sugar.
- Adopt a healthy lifestyle and maintain a healthy weight. Choose a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
- Be sure to consult your doctor before taking any vitamin supplements and herbal supplements. Many herbs marketed for anxiety prevention, weight loss, or muscle building can damage the liver.
- If you are working with chemicals, such as insecticides or air conditioners, be sure to consider safety concerns. Limit contact with chemicals. Use aerosol cleaners, insecticides and other toxic chemicals only if they are properly ventilated. In this case, wear gloves, long-sleeved clothing and a mask.
Special diets for hepatomegaly are used to normalize liver function. They are quite strict and do not recommend the use of certain foods as this will immediately affect the condition of the gland.
- Food should be provided at least five times a day, at intervals of several hours, in small portions.
- According to the famous doctor Pevzner, suffering from this disease, No. 5. The diet is good to use. Eating faster helps to recover and eliminate symptoms.
- If the dietary rules are not observed, the consequences can be very serious - even up to the inflammatory process in the liver.
- One of the laws that you must obey when Diet means optimal intake of sugar by the human body. It is best derived from the fruit. Grapes should also be eaten during the season. It contains a large amount of potassium, which has a beneficial effect on the liver.
- Vegetables and pumpkins are by no means limited - they can be eaten naturally or cooked in food.
- It is best not to eat food for hepatomegaly at night.
- It is also not recommended to overdose.
- vegetable oils;
- non-fatty fish;
- dairy products;
- honey and jam;
- dried fruits;
- various cereals;
- poultry meat;
- Soups made from cereals, decoctions of vegetables or dairy products;
- sour cabbage.
The product restrictions are as follows:
- more than 50 grams of butter and margarine per day;
- more than 2 eggs in 7 days;
- fatty meats;
- fatty cheeses;
- fried and pickled foods;
- spicy foods with many flavors;
- onions and garlic;
- tomato juice;
- chocolate products;
- flour bread products;
It is important to understand that treating hepatomegaly for malnutrition will not lead to the long-term elimination of the problem and a cure. Diet and disease treatment are inseparable concepts that do not behave in isolation.
Any enlarged liver is a pathology and requires immediate diagnosis and treatment. This should be done in qualified health institutions with the help of a complex of different doctors. Due to the many causes of the problem, it is not always possible to solve the problem on your own.
5 home treatments for hepatomegaly
Alternative methods of treating hepatomegaly at home are quite effective, but their use alone is not recommended. A medical consultation is mandatory before using such methods.
Masters of traditional medicine distinguish the following recipes:
Recipe 1. Infusion of herbs.
- This recipe consists of the same amount of herbs, sage leaves and walnuts to which must be added the chopped dandelion root, peony and chicory.
- The resulting mixture should be stirred.
- Then 3 tablespoons of this "tea" should be filled with water in a container of 500 to 1000 ml.
- Bring to a boil and cook over low heat.
- Drink fluids gradually over the course of a day.
Recipe 2. Infusion of honey.
- For cooking, dilute 2 teaspoons of fresh honey in 200 ml of lukewarm water.
- It is recommended to add a little lemon juice to the infusion before use.
Recipe 3. Pumpkin or pumpkin juice.
This fruit helps very well in hepatomegaly, which has been noticed by many patients. To do this, you need to consume 500 grams of grated product per day. If the taste of the pumpkin is not really pleasant for the patient, use a juicer and make freshly brewed juice with one glass a day. In addition to juice, pumpkin can be cooked in various ways.
Recipe 4. Olive or sunflower oil.
Untreated oils are used to treat hepatomegaly, which should be drunk in ¼ cup before going to bed. After drinking fluids, lie down on the right side of your body with a heating pad.
Number of recipes 5. Juniper berries.
They do not need to be cooked and are used in their natural form. You just need to start with 2-3 berries, and then gradually increase their number. The peculiarity of the treatment is that the berries are eaten on an empty stomach with a meal.
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